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Spartan Pride MS Gazette

"Ben Franklin: The Original Gazetteer" is an article written by SJ 7th grade student Carter Stone.
 

Many people throughout the world think that they know who Benjamin Franklin was. “Yeah, he’s the guy that did that stuff back then.” Um… well OK then. In reality Benjamin did more than just “that stuff back then.” For instance did you know that Benjamin was the inventor of the first bifocals, the glass armonica (a musical instrument) and even created one of the first pairs of swimming fins! That's just the tip of the iceberg for Benjamin Franklin.

 

Ben was born on January 17, 1706 in in a small town called Boston. Ben’s mother was Abiah Folger, the second wife of Josiah. Ben’s family was very poor and could only afford to send him to school for one year. Benjamin started his career at age 12 when he apprenticed his older brother composing pamphlets and selling them on the streets. This sparked a common theme in his family when at age 15 his brother started The New England Courant which was the third paper to be printed in Boston but was called the ¨first newspaper.¨ Benjamin apprenticed there but the longer he worked, the more he wanted to write his own paper but he knew that is brother would never let him go. In these times, smallpox was a very deadly disease and many people thought that vaccination would help. However the Franklin's had a different opinion. They thought that vaccinations would make you sicker. For such a smart guy he made some pretty dimwitted decisions.

 

In 1728 Franklin started a printing shop. It became highly successful producing a large range of materials. In 1729 Franklin became the owner of the Pennsylvania Gazette. Franklin achieved fame and financial success with “Poor Richard’s Almanack.”

 

When you first heard the name Benjamin Franklin in this article, what did that make you think of? I’m guessing some of you thought that he’s that guy that got hit by lightning. And in fact he is. In 1748 Franklin’s business had become so successful that he could retire and fulfill his longtime interest of science. In the 1740’s he conducted experiments that mainly focused on the understanding of electricity. In 1752, Franklin tested his famous kite experiment and proved that lightning is in fact electricity.






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“Teachers Corner: Computers in Education” is an article written by SJ seventh grader Jacob Janz, with help from Mrs. Chrisman, Mr. Purvis, Miss Sorell, Mr. Burgess, and Mrs. Roberts.

 

Some people would say that nowadays, computers are crucial to education. Some would say that computers should not be used, and educators should use the tools you traditionally link to schoolwork. In this article we will look at the pros and the cons of computers in education, and we will ask the teachers about their opinion on the matter.

 

First we will ask the teachers one question: Do you believe that computers are an important tool in education?

 

The results were mostly neutral on the amount we use computers, and that they can be very helpful in the right time and place. There is and probably always will be that kid who abuses his computer privileges. that kid who abuses his computer privileges. The english teacher on the Dream Team, Mrs. Chrisman, says: “Technology can be a valuable tool in class when used appropriately.”

 

 

Computers are ever-changing things, that seem to evolve more almost every day. One day a computer the size of a box is the next great thing, then a flat screen television, next a VR headset, and we are all wondering what will be next. A math teacher in the 6th grade, Mr. Purvis, says: “They are definitely important and I think I could use help on staying up to date on them.”

 

The Social Studies teacher on the Dream Team, Miss Sorell, says: “They are definitely valuable, we need to add more.”

 

A lot of us can admit to using a computer for too long or too often. The Home & Careers/Health  teacher, Mr. Burgess, says: “They have their place but we rely on them too much sometimes.”

 

One of the biggest subjects technology is used in is science. The Science teacher on the MVPs, Mrs. Roberts, says: “I think when used properly they can be a good tool. They shouldn’t replace everything because the students won’t benefit as much from an online course as compared to a teacher teaching them. I can show them things on the computers that I can not in real life

 

In the end, education usually benefits from technology. Heck, I’m writing this on a computer. You are most likely reading this on a computer or a mobile phone. When you look around today, you see them everywhere. Thank you to all of the teachers who answered this survey.


Isaac Asimov:

The Man Who Invented Robotics

 

“If knowledge can create problems, it is not through ignorance that we can solve them.” - Isaac Asimov

”Isaac Asimov: The Man who Invented Robotics” Is an article by SJ 7th grade student Jacob Janz.

When many people think of historically famous Isaacs, they generally think of the man who discovered gravity. And where people then thought the Earth was flat, people in Isaac Asimov’s time thought all robots would be monsters. This legendary man changed that and the way we see machines today.

Isaac Asimov was born in Petrovichi, Russia on January 2, 1920 to Judah Asimov and Anna Rachel Berman Asimov. His family moved to the US in 1923. When he was 9 years old, he started reading the Science Fiction magazines in his parent’s candy shop in Brooklyn, and when he was only 18 years of age, he sold his first short story, “Marooned Off Vespa”.

The word “robot” was not used until 1920 (coincidentally the year Asimov was born) when Karel Capek wrote the play R.U.R. about a man who manufactured robots in quantity. These were supposed to do work so humans did not have to. Robot is actually a Czech word for “slave”. This play inforced an intense “Frankenstein Complex”, which is when a scientist makes something that will come back to get him/humanity. In R.U.R. the robots gain emotion and  then rebelled and wiped out the human race. While this play was popular, Asimov found it dreadful. Through the 1920s and 30s, R.U.R. inforced the Frankenstein complex. A more in-depth explanation of it is that knowledge is power, and too much knowledge can destroy you/the human race. Asimov despised this. He just did not see machines like that, but as machines, including advanced machines. He knew that they might be dangerous, but surely safety factors would be built in. After all, most devices have their dangers, and they could all be used to say that there are some things that we are just not meant to know. With communication comes lies, but we still communicate. We can even argue that God wouldn’t have given us brains if we weren’t to use them.

Asimov knew we weren’t going to get far on our old machine mindset, and his stories showed it. In 1939 he wrote a story called “Robbie”, and it did not get big soon. After three stories, he was advised that he should be more explicit about the safety factor in robots, so in his fourth story, “Runaround”, which was published in the March 1942 issue of Astounding Science Fiction, right at the top of the page it showed

“The Three Fundamental Rules of Robotics”

(later changed to Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics)

 

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

  2. A robot must obey orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

 

 

These laws enforce the fact that robots are completely harmless machines and that we have been thinking about them all wrong. While the term “robot” was generally known and had been around for a while, robotics was not an official word, so technically Asimov created it, and many dictionaries credit him as the creator of the word. Asimov thought of these when he was just 21, and they are one of his greatest achievements to this day.

 

Isaac Asimov died in Brooklyn, New York on April 6 1992. His stories are survived by movies such as I, Robot and Bicentennial Man. Isaac Asimov was the creator of characters such as R. Daneel Olivaw and Susan Byerly. Some of my favorite stories are “Robot Visions” and “Evidence”.

 

Isaac Asimov was truly a genius.

 

 

 

 



“Nikola Tesla vs Thomas Edison”

 

”Nikola Tesla vs Thomas Edison” is an article by SJ 7th grade student Carter Stone.

 

In the world of science, there are some very impressive people such as Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison. Over the years, many people have debated on who had had the better electric current. These extraordinary men feuded in a “War of Currents” in the 1880s to see who’s electrical system would be the one to rule them all.

 

Nikola Tesla ( born on July 10, 1856) was a former employee of Thomas Edison’s. Tesla had an almost photographic memory which meant he could recall images and objects very precisely. This helped him accurately visualize complex 3D objects.

 

In contrast, Edison was more of a thinker and a tinkerer. W. Bernard Carlson, author of "Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age" says that "If you were going to [the] laboratory and watch him at work, you'd find he'd have stuff all over the bench: wires and coils and various parts of inventions."

 

Tesla also spent years designing a wireless system that could transmit voices and moving pictures. (AKA) radios, telephones and TV’s." "Our entire mass communication system is based on Tesla's system." said Marc Seifer, author of "Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla." Unfortunately, Tesla’s Idea failed when his financial backer, J.P. Morgan, Became very fed up with years and years of constant failure.

 

Now all this invention stuff is cool and all, but in reality we all really want to know… Who had the best dinner party guest. At the peak of Tesla’s career he was very witty and charismatic. He spoke many languages and counted writers such as John Muir and even Mark Twain as close friends. Now these are some great accomplishments but some of his low points were that he was overly concerned about hygiene and suffered from OCD at the end of his life.

 

As Tesla grew older, his tics (such as his fear of women’s earrings) grew stronger, and he sadly ended up dying alone.

 

But enough about Tesla. Let's move on to the one and only, Thomas Edison. Now I wouldn't be lying if I told you Edison did not have a mean streak. During the waging “War of Currents,” Edison showed vicious attacks against Tesila making them not the closest of friends. Talking about friends, Edison's friend group wasn't the greatest. He was hard of hearing and introverted (meaning he was a shy person) and only had a few close friends.

 

While many people believe that Edison was the sole creator of the light bulb, that isn't true. In an interview with U.S. News, Ernest Freeberg talks about why Edison shouldn't be the sole person credited for inventing the lightbulb.

 

US NEWS: Why is he customarily credited with the invention?

 

ERNEST FREEBURG: Well, partly, Edison was himself a great promoter of his image, and it was important to claim to be the sole inventor in order to win the crucial patents that would determine which person got to control the market share. Also, I think that people wanted to believe in the idea of an inventive genius. Edison certainly was, by any stretch, an inventive genius, but people were very drawn to this idea that Edison was a wizard.

 

The battle of Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison is definitely one of the most heated science battles of all time, and now you can debate on who is really the better inventor.


                               
The Benefits of Reading; 1/7/19
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An article by Jacob Janz and Olivia Piatt, with help from Carter Stone.

It’s commonly agreed upon that reading is beneficial for children, teens, and adults. Here is some proof of that.

 “Being able to understand what other people are feeling is critical for building social relationships. So even though reading is a solitary activity, it could improve your   social life.” Says Sarah Begley in an article for TIME, called http://time.com/4547332/reading-benefits/. Books can also improve your mental health. “Book lovers profess a deep emotional bond with books, and scientists are increasingly looking to explain just what it is about fiction that improves our mental health.” Says Begley. Books also help your social health and help you connect with other people. “Headlines proclaimed that reading even a few pages of a short story could instantly improve your ability to empathize with your fellow man. ”States Begley. People can connect through different books that they have read.“ Another recent study, from the University of Münster, identified a separate social aspect of reading. "Heavy book users --those who get through at least 18 books per year--flaunt their books in public or on living-room bookshelves as a way of communicating something about themselves in an effort to ‘shape identity and self-expression,’.” Begley wrote.

You can also find great works of literature and stories that you can relate to. “Their Eyes Were Watching God,”  is a 20th century masterpiece that has much to say about not just love but also religion, race, feminism and folklore, in addition to being a practically perfect work of art. But it is exactly because these books are not reducible to a single theme or lesson that readers can get so much out of them. A truly great novel, Berthoud says, ‘gets into your subconscious and actually can change your very psyche from within.

Reading can also distract you from real world problems and relieve stress.“When reading, you must focus on the characters and the plot of the book. The distraction into the literary world allows you to distance yourself from the stress of everyday life, putting your mind and body at ease. Losing yourself in a great story can be a perfect remedy for stress.” Says Andrew Moorhead in a Campbell County Public Library article, https://www.cc-pl.org/10-benefits-of-reading.

Of all of these great reasons to pick up a book, I hope you now know that reading is an important part of leading a great life. So go pick up a good piece of literature, and now you hopefully will enjoy it more.
 


 

Why Homework Works vs. Why it Doesn't.  A story and perspective by Middle School Gazetteers Jacob Janz and Michael Nemier.

Homework can be good for minds after school is out, but students throughout South Jefferson have differing mindsets about the subject. “The most comprehensive research on homework to date comes from a 2006 meta-analysis by Duke University psychology professor Harris Cooper, who found evidence of a positive correlation between homework and student achievement, meaning students who did homework performed better in school. The correlation was stronger for older students—in seventh through 12th grade...” Katie Reilly wrote in the TIME article Is Homework Good for Kids? Here’s What the Research Says. Teachers are also in favor of homework. 7th and 8th grade Social Studies teacher Miss Sorell says “In my class, I think it is (just) because you need repetition with certain scenarios and facts.” Nevertheless, some people think the amount of homework students get is too much.

Could there be too much homework in school? This may be true for some people. ”For decades, the homework standard has been a “10-minute rule,” which recommends a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework per grade level. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night. High school seniors should complete about two hours of homework each night. The National PTA and the National Education Association both support that guideline.” Reilly stated. But is homework really necessary? Some teachers think not. “We really want kids to go home at 4 o’clock, tired. We want their brain to be tired,” Kelly Elementary School Principal Jackie Glasheen said in an interview with a local TV station. “We want them to enjoy their families. We want them to go to soccer practice or football practice, and we want them to go to bed. And that’s it." On top of this, homework stresses a lot of students out.

Many people suffer from homework-induced stress. In an article from Healthline, Is Too Much Homework Bad for Kids' Health? reporter Sandra Levy says “The researchers reported that family fights about homework were 200 percent more likely when parents didn’t have a college degree. Some parents, in fact, have decided to opt out of the whole thing. The Washington Post reported in 2016 that some parents have just instructed their younger children not to do their homework assignments. They report the no-homework policy has taken the stress out of their afternoons and evenings. In addition, it's been easier for their children to participate in after school activities.”

On one side, homework practices repitition, which helps students out on their tests and quizes, but on the other there is a lot of homework induced stress and the amount of homework given may be too much. It is your choice on which side you take, so choose a good one.

Have a good day

Michael and Jacob

 
 
South Jefferson Central School Dist.
PO Box 10, Adams, NY 13605

(315) 583-6104